Author's name in the introductory phrase:
In The Glass Menagerie, Williams pens Amanda as a Southern belle, and she recalls, "Among my callers were some of the most prominent young planters of the Mississippi delta" (981).
Author is not in the introductory phrase
In The Glass Menagerie, the mother, Amanda, is a true Southern bell, and she recalls, "Among my callers were some of the most prominent young planters in the Mississippi delta" (Williams 981).
Author with more than one work cited
Tom says that Laura is "terribly shy and lives in a world of her own and those things make her seem a little peculiar" (Williams, The Glass Menagerie 999).
These have to be set apart from the rest of the text by indenting the entire quote one inch (1") from the left margin and omitting the quotation marks. The introductory phrase is followed by a colon.
Tom sails from port to port in the Merchant Marines searching for some way to ease his guilt. In his essay "Entering the Glass Menagerie," C.W.E. Bigsby comments:
[Tom Wingfield] revisits the past because he knows that his own freedom, such as it is, has been purchased at the price of abandoning others, as Williams had abandoned his mother and, more poignantly, his sister. He "writes" the play, more significantly, perhaps, because he has not affected that escape from the past which had been his primary motive for leaving. (37)
Tom's memories of his life with his mother and sister are all the more painful because they are the incarnation of Williams' real-life experiences.
There will be some situations where the information that you are using in one source is actually quoted from another source. When this happens, both the originator of the quote and the source that you are looking at must receive proper credit within the text.
For example, you are reading Jackson's article and in the article, Jackson quotes Nelson's work. If you want to use Nelson's ideas, you will have to give credit for the idea (Nelson) and where you found the information (Jackson's article). On the Works Cited page you should ONLY cite Jackson's article because it is the source you found and read. There are two options for the in-text citation:
With Nelson's name in the introductory phrase:
In his book Conversations with Tennessee Williams, Robert Nelson quotes Williams as saying, "the glass animals came to represent the fragile delicate ties that must be broken, that you inevitably break, when you try to fulfill yourself" (qtd. in Jackson 37).
Without Nelson's name in the introductory phrase:
One author recalls Williams as saying, "the glass animals came to represent the fragile delicate ties that must be broken, that you inevitably break, when you try to fulfill yourself" (Nelson as qtd. in Jackson 37).
Each Entry in the Works Cited List is composed of facts common to most works - the MLA core elements that are assembled in specific order. This image displays the proper order.
When there isn't an author associated with the work that is to be cited, the first thing that should appear on the Works Cited page, i.e., the title of the work is to be used in place of the author's name.
Please Note: A long title may be shortened within the citation, but the first words of the title must be used to signal the correct source on the Works Cited page.
The three storms that raged across the mid-west in January and February of 1978 are "collectively known as the Blizzard of 1978" ("1978 Ohio").