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Academic Writing Process - Terre Haute

Cite Sources

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Citing Sources

Academic subject areas all use different style guides to format papers, references, and citation of sources. Rather than trying to explain formatting for all possible style guides, this LibGuide offers links to websites that have much more experience helping writers in these areas. The following boxes will direct you to resources for APA, MLA, and Chicago style, the three most common styles used for academic papers. Use the resources for the style guide specified by your instructor.

Understanding Cross-Referencing

RESEARCH PROJECTS CONSIST OF 2 BASIC ELEMENTS FOR SOURCE VERIFICATION:

1. An in-text citation, which is an abbreviated form of the source citation included in the essay portion of the project

2. A full citation, which is included at the end of the project on a Works Cited page, References list, or whatever type of research format is required for the assignment.

One of your roles as a researcher and writer is assuring this cross-referencing technique is in place and has been used correctly so your rea-ders have a very clear picture of where your research was derived, who provided the research, and how readers can follow your research trail to explore the source material themselves.

Here is an example of cross-referencing in APA 7th edition style:

APA IN -TEXT CITATION IN THE ESSAY:

According to Jones (2022), "Student researchers prefer APA to MLA at a rate of 4 to 1" (p.24).

This in-text citation tells readers that Jones made this statement in source material published in 2022. But the in-text citation also guides readers to the APA References list at the end of the essay for more information regarding the source material:

APA FULL REFERENCES LIST CITATION AT THE END OF THE ESSAY:

Jones, S. (2023). Student research method preferences. Journal of Research Studies, 12(3), 19-24. https://doi.org/12.3210000

Because this source was fully cross-referenced, readers know that the quote from Jones came from this article on page 24 of the publication. And the article can be located using the information provided in the References list citation.

APA Style

MLA Style

Chicago Style

Help!

Additional support for the writing and research process can be found in the Learning Resource Center Libguide.

You can also always reach out to a Library specialist for individual research assistance or connect with campus tutoring services through the MyIvy QuickLink: