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APA Citation - South Bend-Elkhart: Citing Sources: Other Media

Other Media

Authors' names : Use the Producer and the Director of a film in the place of the authors.

Dates of Films : Dates for films should be the date of first release, not when the video/DVD was published.

Italics : Only the film title or title of the CD-ROM should be in italics. 

Capitalization : The first letter of the first word of a title should be capitalized as should the first letter of the first word of any subtitle.  Everything else should be in lower case unless it is a proper noun or an abbreviation that is always written in capitals.

Things To Remember

Authors' names : Authors names should always be Surname, Initial. Initial.  e.g. Smith, L. M.

Multiple authors: The same rules apply as for books.

Italics : Only the book or journal title and the journal volume number should be in italics.

Capitalization : The first letter of the first word of a title should be capitalized as should the first letter of the first word of any subtitle.  Everything else should be in lower case unless it is a proper noun or an abbreviation that is always written in capitals.

Splitting a URL : If your URL needs to be split do not insert a hyphen. Break the URL before a punctuation mark.  Do not add a full stop at the end of URL as this may appear to be part of the URL and cause retrieval problems.

Secondary Sources : You can only reference information that you have actually seen.  If that book or journal article quotes another piece of work which you also want to quote, you need to cite the information as a secondary citation.

For example you read a book by Sandvoss, in which he quotes Taylor "Ian Taylor's influential analysis (1971) in which he identifies hooliganism as a response to social control..."

If you have not read the item by Taylor you would reference the Sandvoss book.

Sandvoss, C. (2003). A game of two halves: Football, television

     and globalization. London: Routledge.

In text citation (as cited in Sandvoss, 2003, p. 2.)