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APA : Books

Bibliographic Citations

 

Things to Remember!

  • The author's first initial is used, rather than the full first name. 
  • List the state's two letter abbreviation for cities within the United States.
  • Publisher names are written in full
  • For books with two to seven authors, include all names.
  • For books with eight or more authors, only name the first six followed by three ellipses, and end with final author. 

 

Citing a book with One Author

Last name, F.M. (Year). Book title. Publication City, State or Country: Publisher.

Rowling, J. K. (1999) Harry potter and the prisoner of azkaban. New York, NY: Scholastic. 

 

Citing a book with Two or More Authors

First Author's Last name, F.M., Next Author's Last name. F.M. & Final Author's Last name, F.M. (Year) Book title. Publication City, State, or Country: Publisher.

Levitt, S D., & Dubner, S. J.(2005). Freakonomics: A rogue economist explores the hidden side of everything. New York, NY: Morrow.

 

Thing to Remember for Works by the Same Author!

  • List the books in chronological order (earliest fist)
  • If the books are from the same year, add a lowercase letter (2005a, 2005b) to distinguish them from each other.

Example: 

Lewis, C. S. (1938). Out of the silent planet. London: The Bodley Head.

Lewis, C. S. (1956). Till we have faces: A myth retold. Oxford: Bles.

In-Text Citations for Works by One Author

  • Signal phrases use past tense.
  • A "p." precedes the page number.
  • In the end citation, commas separate the elements. 
  • A period goes after the final parenthesis.

Signal phrase: Last name, (Year) stated... (p. Page#). 

Rowling, (1999) stated... (p. 394). 

End Citation: (Last name, Year, p. Page#).

(Rowling, 1999, p. 394).

In-Text Citations for Works by Two or More Authors

For Two Authors:

  • Always mention both authors.
  • Use and in a signal phrase, but use an ampersand (&) in parenthesis.

For Three or More Authors: 

  • In first reference of three to five, name all contributors.
  • In the following references, name the first author followed by et al.
  • Use and in a signal phrase, but use an ampersand (&) in parenthesis.
  • For six or more contributors, name only the first author, followed by et al.

Two Authors

Signal phrase: First author's Last name and Second author's last name (Year) said... (p. Page#). 

Levitt and Dubner (2005) said... (p. 23).

End citation: ( First author's Last name & Second author's last name, Year, p. Page#).

(Levitt & Dubner, 2005, p. 23).

In-Text Citations for Works by the Same Author

  • Signal Phrases and end citations can be used interchangeably; just apply the appropriate rule. 
  • Titles are NOT needed. (If you need to reference them, shorten the title and put it in italics or "quotation marks).

Soucre 1: Last name, (Year) said... (p. Page#).

Lewis (1938) said... (p. 12).

Source 2: (Last name, Year, p. Page#).

(Lewis, 1956, p. 27).

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