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APA : Websites

Bibliographic Citations


  • List the authors as you would for a print book or periodical.
  •  For websites, and electronic documents, articles, or books, capitalize titles and subtitles as you would for a print book; capitalize periodical titles as you would for a print periodical.
  • Include the DOI instead of the URL in the reference whenever one is available. If no DOI is available, provide the URL of the home page or menu page. 
  • If DOI or URL won't fit on the line, break it after the double slash or before any punctuation. 
  • DO NOT break http:// , and DO NOT add a period at the end


Work from a Nonperiodical Website
Last name, F. M. (Date of publication). Title of page [Format description when necessary]. Retrieved from URL. 

Eco, U. (2015). How to write a thesis [PDF file]. (Farina C. M. & Farina F., Trans.) Retrieved from (Original work published 1977).


Article from an Online Journal

Last name, F. M. (Date of Publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume#(issue# if available), Page Range. DOI or Retrieved from URL

Corbett, C. (2007). Vehicle-related crime and the gender gap. Psychology, Crime, & Law, 13, 245-263. doi:10.1080/10683160600822022


Article from an Online Magazine

Last name, F. M. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Magazine, Volume#(Issue# if available). DOI or Retrieved from URL

Barreda, V. D.. Palazzesi, L., TellerÍa M. C., Katinas, L., Crisci, J. N., Bromer, K.,... Bechis, F. (2010, September 24). Eocene Patagonia fossils of the daisy family. Science, 329(5999). doi:10.1126/science.1193108 


Article available through a Database

Last name, F. M. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume#(Issue# if available), Page#. DOI or Retrieved from Name of database or URL.

Simpson, M. (1972). Authoritarianism and education: A comparative approach. Sociometry, 35(2), 223-234. Retrieved from

In-Text Citations for a Nonperiodical Website

  • If there are no page numbers, use the paragraph number.

Signal phrase: Last name (Year) stated... (para. Paragraph#).

Rudebusch (2001) stated... (para. 2).

End citation: (Last name, Year, para. Paragraph#). 

(Rudebusch, 2001, para. 2).

In-Text Citations for an Online Journal

  • For websites, make sure to include the author's last name and year of publication. 
  • Make sure the paragraph number is included if there are no page numbers.

Signal phrase: Last name (Year) said... (p. Page#).

Corbett (2007) said... (p. 246 )

End Citation: (Last name, Year, p.Page#).

(Corbett, 2007. p. 246).

In-Text Citations for an Article from a Database

  • In- text citations for articles found in databases are the same as normal print works if there are page numbers

Signal phrase: Last name (Year) inferred... (p. Page#). 

Simpson (1972) inferred... (p. 225). 

End citation: (Last name, Year, p. Page#). 

(Simpson, 1972, p. 225). 

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