Framing the evolution of post-Enlightenment philosophy, Contemporary Thought begins with a discussion of the British Empiricists and Kant's analysis of the capacity of reason. Biographies and examinations of the Idealists, Materialists, Utilitarians, Individualists, Analytics, Phenomenologists, and Existentialists reveal how philosophers from each of these schools of thought sought to explain the increasingly more secular and industrialized world of the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries.
Medieval and Modern Philosophy covers the philosophical ideas of the medieval age as well as the Renaissance, the Protestant Reformation, and the Continental Rationalists. Through thoughtful examinations of key philosophers and their theories, readers will learn about the exploration of God's relationship with humankind, the rise of science as an influence in philosophical thought, and the universal debate of Faith versus Reason.
This title is a fun introduction to deep thinking and the history of philosophy in an accessible comic format. All the most pressing philosophical matters are addressed: What is thinking? And how does our thinking set us apart from other animals? Now that readers are thinking, what is reality? Is there an objective reality or are there numerous subjective realities? And do individuals move in it with a free will or is everything predestined? This is a colorful journey through the fascinating and slightly mind-boggling history of Western philosophy.
This lively and accessible introduction to Plato focuses on the philosophy and argument of his writings, drawing the reader into Plato's way of doing philosophy, and the general themes of his thinking.
This collection of readings in moral theory and moral issues from major Western philosophers.
Ethics Within Engineering by Robison, Wade l.This Book shows how ethics is at the intellectual core of engineering. Built around a number of engaging case studinge, it predents real examples of engineering problems that everyone, engineer or not, will recognize, ranging from from such simple artifacts as toasters and the layout of burners and knobs on a stove top to the software responsible for the Colombia airliner crach.
Call Number: 174.962
Publication Date: 2018-5-21
Bioethics by Bonnie Steinbock; Paul T. MenzelThe questions and dilemmas of bioethics touch everyone. Should people who refuse to be vaccinated be treated for COVID-19, even if that displaces vaccinated patients with other serious conditions? What restrictions on abortion should there be, if any? Should women be paid to donate eggs?Bioethics: What Everyone Needs to Know RG discusses these and other similar questions facing the public today--as well as providing a way for thinking deeply about them.Steinbock and Menzel first examine major moral theories and how they can be used to analyze bioethical issues. They then provide historical background to the birth of bioethics and explain how it shifted from a paternalistic doctor knows best approach to respect for autonomy, a fundamental value incontemporary bioethics. Subsequent chapters cover advance directives, experimentation on human subjects, the definition of death, physician-assisted dying, abortion, disability, just healthcare systems, the allocation of scarce resources, pharmaceutical drug pricing, assisted reproductivetechnology, egg donation, surrogate motherhood, sex selection, and the genetic modification of humans. Race and gender are considered throughout, as are the ethical issues raised by pandemics. Steinbock and Menzel consider the controversial questions that surface in the public sphere, explaining thefacts, and then evaluating different approaches to resolving them.
Call Number: 174.2
Publication Date: 2023-02-17
What It Means to Be Human by O. Carter SneadOne of the Wall Street Journal's Top Ten Books of the Year A leading expert on public bioethics advocates for a new conception of human identity in American law and policy. The natural limits of the human body make us vulnerable and therefore dependent, throughout our lives, on others. Yet American law and policy disregard these stubborn facts, with statutes and judicial decisions that presume people to be autonomous, defined by their capacity to choose. As legal scholar O. Carter Snead points out, this individualistic ideology captures important truths about human freedom, but it also means that we have no obligations to each other unless we actively, voluntarily embrace them. Under such circumstances, the neediest must rely on charitable care. When it is not forthcoming, law and policy cannot adequately respond. What It Means to Be Human makes the case for a new paradigm, one that better represents the gifts and challenges of being human. Inspired by the insights of Alasdair MacIntyre and Charles Taylor, Snead proposes a vision of human identity and flourishing that supports those who are profoundly vulnerable and dependent-children, the disabled, and the elderly. To show how such a vision would affect law and policy, he addresses three complex issues in bioethics: abortion, assisted reproductive technology, and end-of-life decisions. Avoiding typical dichotomies of conservative-versus-liberal and secular-versus-religious, Snead recasts debates over these issues and situates them within his framework of embodiment and dependence. He concludes that, if the law is built on premises that reflect the fully lived reality of life, it will provide support for the vulnerable, including the unborn, mothers, families, and those nearing the end of their lives. In this way, he argues, policy can ensure that people have the care they need in order to thrive. In this provocative and consequential book, Snead rethinks how the law represents human experiences so that it might govern more wisely, justly, and humanely.