This book describes the scope of the impaired driving problem; summarizes the efforts of advocacy groups, researchers, law enforcement agencies, traffic safety groups, public health organizations, legislators, and motor vehicle agencies, as well as federal, state, and local governments, to reduce the number of crashes, injuries, and fatalities; examines the effect of alcohol consumption on an individual's ability to operate a motor vehicle and on the risk of being involved in a crash; and evaluates the effectiveness of current and emerging alcohol-impaired driving countermeasures and identifies new approaches and actions needed to reduce and ultimately eliminate alcohol-impaired driving.
In 2002, the Cincinnati Police Department (CPD) joined with other agencies and organizations to improve police-community relations in the city. This report focuses on the analysis of racial disparities in traffic stops in Cincinnati. The authors find no evidence of racial differences between the stops of black and those of similarly situated nonblack drivers, but some issues can exacerbate the perception of racial bias.
Traffic stops and investigatory inquiries are an essential core of police work. Examines the issue of police traffic stop selectivity by discussing the numbers, advocacy arguments and the practical realities of racial profiling. Shows how the successful police manager can deal with these issues without enduring personal or career disaster by applying law, logic, electoral common sense, and police community relations.
This book provides discriminating readers with understanding the many legal intricacies involved with police pursuits. The text provides comprehensive examination of legal aspects underlying police department pursuits and policy considerations; exploration of liability and negligence, including municipal liability, training, breach of duty, and deliberate indifference; state tort law, including intentional tort, public duty, contributing negligence, assumption of risk, and sudden peril; federal liability law pertaining to police vehicular pursuits; the use of force involved in pursuits; and considerations of a national pursuit policy.
National Police Foundations webpage National Law Enforcement Roadway Safety Program provides a suite of no-cost training, technical assistance, and resources to local, state, and tribal law enforcement agencies with the goal of reducing the number of officers seriously injured and killed on the nation’s roadways.