Citation Guide - Central Indiana

Books

Color Coding Legend
Author(s) or Editor(s) Title of Book, Journal, Magazine, Webpage or Video Title of Article, Section, Chapter or Song Volume & Issue Website Address
  Publisher Date Pages Other Information

 

Source In-Text Citation Reference Page Citation

Book - One Author

 

Format:

(Author Last Name, Date)

Example:

(Smith, 2004)

Format:

Author last name, First initial, Middle initial. (Date). Title of book. Publisher.

Example:

Smith, K.C. (2004). Children's literature of the Harlem renaissanceIndiana University Press.

Chapter in a book

Format:

(Author Last Name, Date)

Example:

(Smith, 2004)

Format:

Author last name, First Initial. Middle initial. (Date).  Title of chapter. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp xxx-xxx). Publisher.

Example:

Arthur, K. (2004). High school reform in Arizona. In A. Squires (Ed.), Dismal state of American education (pp. 56-84). Knopf.

E-book

[When doi (digital object identifier) is available, you should use it at end of entry as noted in examples]

Format:

(Author Last Name, Date)

If no author but has editor:

Format:

(Editor Last Name, Date)

Possible Formats:

Author last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Date). Title of book.  Doi:xxxxx

Author last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Date). Title of book. PublisherURL

Editor last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Ed.).  (Date).  Title of book.  Publisher. URL.

Possible Examples:

Volz, B.D. (2000). Junior genreflecting: A guide to good reads and series fiction for children. Libraries Unlimited. Doi: 10.1036/0071393724

Zimring, C.A. (2005). Cash for your trash: Scrap recycling in America. Rutgers University Press http://site.ebrary.com/lib/cgcc.

Careful, T. (Ed.). (2003). Children and Ritalin. Academic Press. Doi: 10.1037/10762-000

Articles from a Database and Print

Color Coding Legend
Author(s) or Editor(s) Title of Book, Journal, Magazine, Webpage or Video Title of Article, Section, Chapter or Song Volume & Issue Website Address
  Publisher Date Pages Other Information
Source In-Text Citation Reference Page Citations

Source from a Database

**Most library databases have the citation provided.

 

**When DOI (digital object identifier) is available, you should use it at end of entry as noted instead of where the article was retrieved from.

 

**If no DOI is available, do not include the URL or any database information in your citation.  Cite the source as if you were looking at the print version.

Format:
(Author last name, Date)

Example: 
(Bender, 2006)

Formats:

With DOI: 

Author last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year, Month, Day). Title of article.  Title of Periodical, Volume number (issue number), Pages. DOI

No DOI: 

Author last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year, Month, Day). Title of article.  Title of PeriodicalVolume number (issue number), Pages.

Examples:

With DOI:

Kroon, L. (2007, September 15). Drug interactions with smoking. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 64 (18), 1917-1921. https://doi.org/10.2146/ajhp060414

No DOI: 

Vissing, Y.  (2003, December). The yellow school bus project:  Helping homeless students get ready for school.  Phi Delta Kappan, 85 (4), 321-323.  

Magazine or Journal Article from Print

Format:
(Author last name, Date, Page Number)

Example: 
(Bender, 2006, p. 39)

Format:

Author last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year, Month, Day). Title of article.  Title of Magazine, Volume number, Pages.  


Note:  If no volume number is available, use p. or pp. before page numbers.


Example:

Bender, M. (2006, December). 2-minute winter warm-ups: Wake up your hibernating muscles, starting now.  Health, 20, 38-40.

Websites

Color Coding Legend
Author(s) or Editor(s) Title of Book, Journal, Magazine, Webpage or Video Title of Article, Section, Chapter or Song Volume & Issue Website Address
  Publisher Date Pages Other Information
Source In-Text Citation Reference Page Citations
Website with Author

Format:
(Author last name, Date)

Example: 
(Woodyatt , 2019)

Format:

Author last name, First initial, Middle initial. (Year, Month Day). Title of Webpage.   Site Name.  URL

Example:

Woodyatt, A. (2019, September 10). Daytime naps once or twice a week may be linked to healthy hear, researchers say.  CNN.  https://www.cnn.com/2019/09/10/health/nap-heart/health-wellness-intl-scli/index.html

* When the author and site name are the same, omit the site name from the source element.

Website with No Author

Format:
(First two or three words of title, Date)

Example:
(The Trials and Tribulation2003)

Format:

Article title. (Date). URL

Example:

The trials and tribulation of the homeless on the streets of Phoenix.  (2003, October 13). http://www.save.the. homeless.org/trials.html

Website with No Date

Format:
(Author last name, n.d.)

Example: 
(Jameson, n.d.)

Format:

Author last name, First initial, Middle initial. (n.d.). Title of Webpage. Site Name. URL

Example:

Jameson, E. (n.d.). NCH FACT sheets on homelessness.  http://nch.ari.net/facts.html

Newspaper Article from Website

Format:
(Author last name, Date, Page Number)

Example: 
(Bender, 2006, p. 39)

Format:

Author last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper. http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

Example:

Parker-Pope, T. (2008, May 6). Psychiatry handbook linked to drug industry. The New York Times. http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/05/06/psychiatry-handbook-linked-to-drug-industry/?_r=0

Indirect Source

Color Coding Legend
Author(s) or Editor(s) Title of Book, Journal, Magazine, Webpage or Video Title of Article, Section, Chapter or Song Volume & Issue Website Address
  Publisher Date Pages Other Information
Source In-Text Citation Reference Page Citation

Any Indirect Source
(A source cited in another source).

Whenever possible, find the original source and cite that.

If the original source is not available then cite the source indirectly.

Name the original source in your signal phrase and include the secondary source in the parentheses.


Format:
Original author last name stated “whatever you’re quoting” (as cited in author last name of the work you read, date).

Example: 
Johnson stated “that...” (as cited in Smith, 2013).

Include only the secondary source (the book, article etc that you read) on the reference page.

Format:

Author last name, First initial, Middle initial. (Date).  Title of book. Publisher.

Example:

Smith, A.B. (2013). The book of diabetesKnopf.

Personal Communication

Color Coding Legend
Author(s) or Editor(s) Title of Book, Periodical or Album Title of Article, Section, Chapter or Song Volume & Issue Website Address
Place of Publication Publisher Date Pages Other Information
Source In-Text Citation Reference Page Citation

Personal Communication

(This includes interviews, letters, and emails).

Format:
(Communicator’s name, personal communication, date of communication).

Example:
(E. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, 2011).

 

Do not include personal communication in the reference list.

 

Additional Author Information

Color Coding Legend
Author(s) or Editor(s) Title of Book, Periodical or Album Title of Article, Section, Chapter or Song Volume & Issue Website Address
Place of Publication Publisher Date Pages Other Information
Source In-Text Citation Reference Page Citation
Two or More Authors

A work by two authors: 

Name both authors in the signal phrase or in the parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word "and" between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in the parentheses.

Research by Branson and Larson (2003) supports...

(Branson & Larson, 2003)

A work by three or more authors:

Use only the first author's last name followed by "et al." in the signal phrase or parentheses.

(Kernis, et al., 1993)

Format for two authors:

Author last name, First initial. Middle initial., & Author last name, First initial, Middle initial.  (Date).  Title of book. Publisher.

Example for two authors:

Branson, J. J., & Larson, B. (2003).  Educating Rita. Norton.  

Format for three to 21 authors:

Authors’ names in the order in which they appear. (Date). Title of article. Title of Magazine. Volume number (issue number), Pages.

Example for three to 21 authors:

Kernis, M. H., Cornell, D. P., Sun, C. R., Berry, A., & Harlow, T. (1993). There's more to self-esteem than whether it is high or low: The importance of stability of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 1190-1204.

Format for more than 21 authors: 

List 21 Author's last names and initials...final author last name and initials. (Date). Title of articleTitle of MagazineVolume number (issue number), Pages.

Editor only No Author

Format:
(Editor last name, Date)


Example: 
(Atkinson, 2014)

Format:

Editor, A. A. (Ed.). (Date). Title of book. Publisher.

Example:

Atkinson, S. (Ed.). (2014). The business book: big ideas simply explained.  Dorling Kindersley Limited

Organization as Author

Almost all government websites offer no author.  The government agency is the organization author.

Format:
(Organization, Date)

Example: 
1st citation:
(National Fire Protection Association [NFPA], 2009)


Subsequent citations: 
(NFPA, 2009)

Format:

Organization. (Date).  Title of book.  Publisher.

Example:

National Fire Protection Association. (2009). Fundamentals of firefighting skills. Jones and Bartlett

Videos and Blogs

Color Coding Legend
Author(s) or Editor(s) Title of Book, Periodical or Album Title of Article, Section, Chapter or Song Volume & Issue Website Address
Place of Publication Publisher Date Pages Other Information
Source In-Text Citation Reference Page Citation
TED Talk on YouTube

Format: (Author, Date Posted)

Example: (TED, 2013)

The author name is TED in this case because the TED organization posted the video to YouTube, and that’s the information your reader needs to retrieve the reference.

Format:

Author (in this case the organization is the author).  (Date video posted on YouTube).  Title of video. [Video]. YouTube. URL.

Example:

       TED. (2013, March 1). Amanda Palmer: The art of asking. [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xMj_P_6H69g

 

TED Talk on TED Website Format:
(Speaker, Date)
Example: 
(Palmer, 2013)

Format:

Speaker last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Date). Title of talk. [Video]. Name of Publisher. URL

Example:

Palmer, A. (2013, February). Amanda Palmer: The art of asking. [Video]. TED. https://www.ted.com/talks/amanda_palmer_the_art_of_asking

YouTube Video

 

Format:
(Author, Date)

Example: 
(Harvard University, 2019)


Use the name of the account that uploaded the video as the author.

Format:

Author. (Date).  Title of video. [Video]. Name of Streaming Service.  URL

Example:

Harvard University. (2019). Soft robotic gripper for jellyfish. [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=guRoWTYfxMs

The person or group who uploaded the video is credited as the author for retrievability, even if they did not create the work.

Blog

Format: 

(AuthorDate)

Example: 

(Johnson, 2019)

If you cannot find an author name, use the screen name or whomever the post was credited to.

Format:

Author last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Date). Title of post. Title of Blog. URL

Example:

Johnson, A. (2019, July 8). Our first story walk. Abby the Librarian. http://www.abbythelibrarian.com/2019/07/our-first-storywalk.html