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Citation Guide - Central Indiana

Websites

Source In-Text Citation Works Cited Page Citations

Entire Website

(with editor, with author and without author)

 

 

Format:

If you are citing an entire website you may omit the page number or any other reference number. Try to use the author or editor’s name (if no author/editor use the title) in the text but if not, put it in the parenthetical citation.

 

Example (with author/editor):

In the text:

Felluga reports….

OR

Parenthetical Citation:

(Felluga)

Format (with editor/author):

Editor, author, or compiler name. Name of Site. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), Day Month Year Published, URL. Accessed Day Month Year.

Example (with author):

Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue U, 28 Nov. 2003, www.cla.purdue.edu/english/theory/. Accessed 10 May 2006.

Example (with editor):

Crane, Gregory, editor. The Perseus Digital Library. Dept. of Classics, Tufts U, 21 Mar. 2014, www.perseus.tufts.edu. Accessed 22 July 2014.

Format (no author)

Name of Site. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), Day Month Year Published (if available), URL. Accessed Day Month Year.

Example (no author):

Purdue Online Writing Lab. Purdue University, 2008, owl.english.purdue.edu/owl. Accessed 23 Apr. 2008.

Page on a Website

Example:

In the text:

According to Lundman,….

Parenthetical Citation:

(Lundman)

Format:

Page Author Name (If available). “Title of the Short Work”.  Name of Site. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), Day Month Year Published (if available), URL. Accessed Day Month Year

Example:

Lundman, Susan. "How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow. Demand Media, www.ehow.com/how_10727_make-vegetarian-chili.html. Accessed 6 July 2015.

Newspaper or Magazine Article from Website​

Format:
If no page number, just use author’s last name.

(Author last name page number).

Example: 
(Thompson)

Format:

Author Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Name of Newspaper/Magazine. Day Month Year Published on website, URL. Accessed Day Month Year.

Example:

Thompson, Carolyn. "Web Love Triangle Ends in a Tragedy." USA Today.  22 Jan. 2007, www.usatoday30.com/tech/news/2007-01-22-web-love-triangle_x.htm. Accessed 23 July 2009.​

Articles from a Database and Print

Source In-Text Citation Works Cited Page Citations

Journal, Magazine or Newspaper Article from a Database

Format:


(Author last name page number).​

Example: 

(Junge and Nelson 642)

Format is the same as the print version but you need to add the name of the database and the date of your access.

Format:

Author Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Name of Periodical/Journal, Volume, Number, Day Month Year Published, pages. Name of Database, URL or DOI. Accessed Day Month Year.

Example:

Langhamer, Claire. “Love and Courtship in Mid-Twentieth-Century England.” Historical Journal, Vol. 50, no.1, 2007, pp. 173-196. ProQuest, DOI:10.10107/S0018246X06005966. Accessed 27 May 2009.

Newspaper (Print Version)

If the newspaper is divided into lettered sections, provide the section designation before the page number when the newspaper does the same.

Format:
(Author last name page number).​

Example: 

(Brubaker LZ01)

Format:

Author Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Name of Newspaper, Day Month Year, Pages. 

Example:

Brubaker, Bill. "New Health Center Targets County's Uninsured Patients." Washington Post, 24 May 2007, p. LZ01. 

Magazine (Print Version)

Format:
(Author last name page number).​

Example: 

(Poniewozik 70)

Format:

Author Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Name of Magazine, Day Month Year, pages. 

Example:

Poniewozik, James. "TV Makes a Too-Close Call." Time, 20 Nov. 2000, pp. 70-71. 

Journal (Print Version)

Format:
(Author last name page number).​

Example: 

(Bagchi 47)

Format:

Author Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Name of Journal, Volume, Issue, Date, Pages. 

Example:

Bagchi, Alaknanda. "Conflicting Nationalisms: The Voice of the Subaltern in Mahasweta Devi's Bashai Tudu." Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature, vol.15, no. 1, 1996,  pp. 41-50. 

Books

 

Source In-Text Citation Works Cited Page Citation

Book - One Author

 

Format:

(Author last name page number).

Example:

(Henley 45).

Format:

Author Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Year of Publication.

Example:

Henley, Patricia. The Hummingbird House. MacMurray, 1999. 

E-book

Format:

(Author last name page number).

Example:

(Rowley 45)

Format:

Author Last Name, First Name. Title of eBook. Type of eBook, Publisher, Year of Publication. 

Example:

Rowley, Hazel. Franklin and Eleanor: An Extraordinary Marriage. Kindle ed., Farrar, 2010. 

Example (if you don't know the type of eBook):

Rowley, Hazel. Franklin and Eleanor: An Extraordinary Marriage. EBook, Farrar, 2010. 

Editor Only No Author

Format:

(Editor last name page number).

Example:

(Holland 145)

Format:

Editor Last Name, First Name, editor. Title of Book. Publisher, Year of Publication. 

Example:

Holland, Merlin, editor. The Complete Letters of Oscar Wilde. Holt, 2000. 

Chapter or Section in a Book or Anthology​

Format:

(Author last name page number).

Example:

(Harris 25)

Format:

Author Last Name, First Name. "Title of Essay/Chapter." Title of Collection, edited by Editor's Name. Publisher, Year, Page range of entry. 

Example:

Harris, Muriel. "Talk to Me: Engaging Reluctant Writers." A Tutor's Guide: Helping Writers One to One, edited by Ben Rafoth, Heinemann, 2000, 24-34. 

Additional Author Information

Source In-Text Citation Works Cited Page Citation
Two Authors

A work by two authors:

Name both authors in the signal phrase or in the parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word “and” between the author’s names within the text and in the parentheses.

As Gillespie and Lerner state…(29).

(Gillespie and Lerner 29).

Format:

Author One Last Name, First Name and Author Two First Name Last Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Year of Publication. 

Example:

Gillespie, Paula, and Neal Lerner. The Allyn and Bacon Guide to Peer Tutoring. Allyn, 2000. 

Three or more Authors

For a source with more than three authors, provide the first author's last name followed by et al.

 

(Wysocki et al. 10) 

Format:

Author One Last Name, First Name, et al. Title of Book. Publisher, Year of Publication. 

Example:

Wysocki, Anne Frances, et al. Writing New Media: Theory and Applications for Expanding the Teaching of Composition. Utah State UP, 2004. 

Organization as Author​

Format:

(Organization page number)

Example:

(American Allergy Association 154)

Format:

Organization. Title of Book. Publisher, Year of Publication. 

Example:

American Allergy Association. Allergies in Children. Random, 1998. 

Indirect Source

Source In-Text Citation Works Cited Page Citation

Any Indirect Source
(A source cited in another source).

Whenever possible, find the original source and cite that.

If the original source is not available then cite the source indirectly.

Format:

Original author last name stated “whatever you’re quoting” (qtd. in author last name of the work you read page number).

Example:

Johnson stated that “your quote...” (qtd. in Henley 102).

Include only the secondary source (the book, article etc that you read) on the works cited page.

Format:

Author Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Year of Publication. 

Example:

Henley, Patricia. The Hummingbird House. MacMurray, 1999. 

Personal Communication

Source In-Text Citation Works Cited Page Citation

Personal Communication

(Letter, Email, or Interview)

You do not need to use page numbers for the in-text citations of personal communications.

Personal Letter Format:

(Last name of the author of letter)

Personal Letter Example:

(Jones)

Email Format:

(Last name of  sender of email)

Email Example:

(Jones)

Interview Format:

(Last name of the person being interviewed)

Interview Example:

(Smith)

Personal Letter Format:

Sender's Last Name, First Name. Letter to the author. Day Month Year. 

Personal Letter Example:

Jones, Melissa. Letter to the author. 7 June 2016. 

Email Format:

Sender's Last Name, First Name. “Subject Heading.” Received by the recipient. Day Month Year. 

Email Example:

Jones, Melissa. “Re: College Applications.” Received by Sarah A. Smith. 21 June 2016. 

Personal Interview Format:

Name of the Person Being Interviewed. Personal interview. Day Month Year.

Personal Interview Example:

Smith, Matthew. Personal interview. 2 June 2016.