What is a Primary Source? A primary source is a document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study. These sources were present during an experience or time period and offer an inside view of a particular event.
Some types of primary sources include:
Original Documents (excerpts or translations acceptable): Diaries, speeches, manuscripts, letters, interviews, news film footage, newspaper articles reporting the event at the time, autobiographies, official records Creative Works: Poetry, drama, novels, music, art Relics or Artifacts: Pottery, furniture, clothing, buildings
Examples of primary sources include:
• Declaration of Independence
• Photographs of Civil War soldiers by Matthew Brady
• Anne Hutchinson's Poetry
• A journal article reporting NEW research or findings • The letters of Abigail and John Adams • Newspaper articles published at the time • Benjamin Franklin's autobiography
What is a Secondary Source? A secondary source interprets and analyzes primary sources. These sources are one or more steps removed from the event. Secondary sources may have pictures, quotes or graphics of primary sources in them.
Some types of secondary sources include:
Textbooks, magazine and journal articles, histories, criticisms, commentaries
They Fought Like Demons by De Anne Blanton; Lauren M. Cook
Publication Date: 2003-09-09
“Albert Cashier” served three years in the Union Army and passed successfully as a man until 1911 when the aging veteran was revealed to be a woman named Jennie Hodgers. Frances Clayton kept fighting even after her husband was gunned down in front of her at the Battle of Murfreesboro. And more than one soldier astonished “his” comrades-in-arms by giving birth in camp. This lively and authoritative book opens a hitherto neglected chapter of Civil War history, telling the stories of hundreds of women who adopted male disguise and fought as soldiers. It explores their reasons for enlisting; their experiences in combat, and the way they were seen by their fellow soldiers and the American public. Impeccably researched and narrated with verve and wit, They Fought Like Demons is a major addition to our understanding of the Civil War era.
Examples of secondary sources include:
A journal/magazine article that interprets or reviews previous findings