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Citation Guide - Valparaiso

Need more help?

Joshua Vossler is passionate about citing sources, and his videos are very easy to follow.  If you are still trying to wrap your head around citations, watch some of his videos.  Scroll down to get the complete list.

Find answers to common citation questions or submit your own at: 

APA Style Blog

Ask the MLA

Should I use APA 7th ed.?

APA 7th Edition Changes Cheat Sheet

Bias-free language

  • Guidelines are being added to use bias-free language when referring to people or entities. This means using the word “they” or “their” instead of gender pronouns like “he”, “she”, “his” and “her”.

References and citations

  • Website URLs no longer need to be preceded with “Retrieved from” unless there is also a retrieval date.
  • EBooks no longer require the type of eBook to be listed (e.g. PDF, Kindle etc)
  • Journal DOIs are now displayed as a URL instead of with the “DOI:” prefix.
  • The publisher location is no longer required for books or similar mediums.
  • Up to 20 authors can now be included in a reference list entry before needing to omit others with an ellipsis.
  • With in-text citations, any reference with more than three authors can now be shortened to the first author and et al.

Punctuation and layout

  • Titles are no longer needed in the header. This include the Running Head on the title page. Page numbers are still needed in the upper right corner of every page. 
  • Headings are simplified. See this page of the APA website for details:
  • The 7th edition adds additional fonts: Calibri size 11pt, Arial 11pt, Lucida Sans Unicode 10pt, and Georgia 11pt in addition to Times New Roman 12pt.
  • Use one space after a period.


APA Templates, 7th ed.

Click on the link below to download the APA template. These templates use every time you need to set-up a research paper using APA, 7th ed. style format. Simply open the template and type your own information every time you need to write an APA style research paper. ASK YOUR INSTRUCTOR WHAT TEMPLATE YOU SHOULD FOLLOW!

Sample APA Papers

Click the link below for a sample APA papers with annotations on the title page, abstract, headings and references. The annotations draw attention to relevant content and formatting and provide users with the relevant sections of the Publication Manual (7th ed.) to consult for more information. Find a copy of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed. in the campus library.