Capital: Mexico City
Mexico’s landscape is diverse, from tropical jungles with mangrove forests and fertile valleys, to dry deserts, volcanic plateaus, and snow-capped mountains. Mexico's diverse geography includes distinct flora and fauna. 26,000 types of flora can be found in Mexico. Sycamore trees, ferns, orchids, bromeliads, palms, cacti, and poinsettia also thrive in Mexico. The country is home to hundreds of reptiles, amphibians, and mammals, including armadillo, puma, bear, boar, and several species of monkeys. The country has several protected areas, accounting for 170,000 square kilometers (65,637 square miles) and includes 34 biosphere reserves and 64 national parks.
Pico de Orizaba
Towering 18,406 feet (5,610 meters) above sea level, the Pico de Orizaba’s symmetrical snowcapped cone is the third highest peak in North America. The volcano has been dormant since 1687.
Is a mountain system that consists of the Sierra Madre Occidental to the west, the Sierra Madre Oriental to the east, and the Sierra Madre del Sur to the south. The ranges enclose the great central Mexican Plateau.
Most of the country has warm temperatures, though northern regions have colder winters while the average temperature in the south is between 24 and 28 degrees Celsius (75–82 degrees Fahrenheit). Hot and humid conditions prevail along the coast, Mexico’s rainy season lasts from June to mid-October, with July typically the wettest month and February the driest.