"Individuals are unable to benefit from standard print materials for a variety of reasons. Some are unable to read the print due to blindness or significant visual impairment. Others are unable to manipulate the materials due to a physical impairment such as cerebral palsy or multiple sclerosis. More recently, persons who are unable to process printed information due to a learning disability resulting from a physically-based, organic dysfunction have been included among those eligible for some alternative format services." (Barbara Nail-Chiwetalu, "Guidelines for Accessing Altenate Format Educational Materials" - Library of Congress).
Reader services will be provided for students with reading, visual, visual processing, or other disabilities when deemed a reasonable accommodation. Sometimes a student's disability requires an enlarged textbook or access to both visual material and audio files -this is referred to as an alternate format textbook. Students are encouraged to buy the digital copy available through the bookstore. If the student has purchased a physical copy, the student should provide the DSS lead with proof of purchase and required textbook information so a digital version can be obtained.
Alternate Format Textbook - Alternate format refers to the medium and/or methodology that allows people with disabilities to access information in a manner other than how the format was originally delivered. Examples of alternate formats usable by people with disabilities may include, but are not limited to, Braille, ASCII text, large print, recorded audio, and electronic formats that comply with current accessibility standards.
Audio Books - Electronic text that has been converted into a sound file, typically in MP3 format. Learning Ally, a national non-profit, provides audio-based solutions.
Digital Textbook - Digital textbooks can be defined as core textbooks for students, with which students can learn contents that are tailored to their abilities and interests. Digital textbooks offer various interactive functions, and provide the learner with a combination of textbooks, reference books, workbooks, dictionaries, and multimedia content such as video clips, animations, and virtual reality.
eBook or Electronic Book - A book length publication in digital format; consists of text, images, or both, produced on, published through, and readable on computers or another digital reading device.
KESI file - File format used by Kurzweil Educational Systems Software.
PDF - Acronym for Portable Document format. PDF files are images of written text which can be read by Adobe REader, Kurzweil, TextHELP, or other screen-reading software.
Screen Reader - A form of assistive technology, this software application interprets content displayed on a screen, represented to the user with text-to-speech, sound icons, or a Braille output device. Common screen readers can be found HERE.