Citations - Statewide: Additional Author Information

Additional Author Information

Color Coding Legend
Author(s) or Editor(s) Title of Book, Periodical or Album Title of Article, Section, Chapter or Song Volume & Issue Website Address
Place of Publication Publisher Date Pages Other Information
Source In-Text Citation Reference Page Citation
Two or More Authors

A work by two authors: 

Name both authors in the signal phrase or in the parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word "and" between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in the parentheses.

Research by Branson and Larson (2003) supports...

(Branson & Larson, 2003)

A work by three or more authors:

Use only the first author's last name followed by "et al." in the signal phrase or parentheses.

(Kernis, et al., 1993)

Format for two authors:

Author last name, First initial. Middle initial., & Author last name, First initial, Middle initial.  (Date).  Title of book. Publisher.

Example for two authors:

Branson, J. J., & Larson, B. (2003).  Educating Rita. Norton.  

Format for three to 21 authors:

Authors’ names in the order in which they appear. (Date). Title of article. Title of Magazine. Volume number (issue number), Pages.

Example for three to 21 authors:

Kernis, M. H., Cornell, D. P., Sun, C. R., Berry, A., & Harlow, T. (1993). There's more to self-esteem than whether it is high or low: The importance of stability of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 1190-1204.

Format for more than 21 authors: 

List 21 Author's last names and author last name and initials. (Date). Title of articleTitle of MagazineVolume number (issue number), Pages.

Editor only No Author

(Editor last name, Date)

(Atkinson, 2014)


Editor, A. A. (Ed.). (Date). Title of book. Publisher.


Atkinson, S. (Ed.). (2014). The business book: big ideas simply explained.  Dorling Kindersley Limited

Organization as Author

Almost all government websites offer no author.  The government agency is the organization author.

(Organization, Date)

1st citation:
(National Fire Protection Association [NFPA], 2009)

Subsequent citations: 
(NFPA, 2009)


Organization. (Date).  Title of book.  Publisher.


National Fire Protection Association. (2009). Fundamentals of firefighting skills. Jones and Bartlett