Citations - Statewide: Indirect Source

Indirect Source Citations in APA

Color Coding Legend
Author(s) or Editor(s) Title of Book, Journal, Magazine, Webpage or Video Title of Article, Section, Chapter or Song Volume & Issue Website Address
  Publisher Date Pages Other Information
Source In-Text Citation Reference Page Citation

Any Indirect Source
(A source cited in another source).

Whenever possible, find the original source and cite that.

If the original source is not available then cite the source indirectly.

Name the original source in your signal phrase and include the secondary source in the parentheses.

Original author last name stated “whatever you’re quoting” (as cited in author last name of the work you read, date).

Johnson stated “that...” (as cited in Smith, 2013).

Include only the secondary source (the book, article etc that you read) on the reference page.


Author last name, First initial, Middle initial. (Date).  Title of book. Publisher.


Smith, A.B. (2013). The book of diabetesKnopf.