Citations - Statewide: Indirect Source

Indirect Source Citations in MLA

Color Coding Legend
Author(s) or Editor(s) Title of Book, Periodical, Album or Site Title of Article, Section, Chapter or Song Volume & Issue Medium of Publication
City of Publication Publisher Date Pages Other Information
Source In-Text Citation Works Cited Page Citation

Any Indirect Source
(A source cited in another source).

Whenever possible, find the original source and cite that.

If the original source is not available then cite the source indirectly.


Original author last name stated “whatever you’re quoting” (qtd. in author last name of the work you read page number).


Johnson stated that “your quote...” (qtd. in Henley 102).

Include only the secondary source (the book, article etc that you read) on the works cited page.


Author Last Name, First Name. Title of BookPublisher, Year of Publication


Henley, Patricia. The Hummingbird House. MacMurray, 1999