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Citing Sources: Sellersburg: Web, Multimedia, Performance & Interview

Websites: Special Rules

Special Rules:

  • Be careful to use reliable Internet sources. Be sure to always print out the first page of the site to have proof if your source is questioned.
  • Identify the author or sponsoring organization to ensure credibility. If the author’s name is not available, begin the citation with the title of the work.
  • Locate the copyright date or date of last revision at the bottom of each page or homepage to ensure that the information is current. If no date is provided, use: n.d.
  • Only give page numbers or paragraph numbers if they appear on the web site itself, such as when printed on a PDF document. Do not use page numbers taken from the printout of a web page.
  • Some instructors may require that the web page URL be included within the citation. If required, include the URL enclosed in angle brackets at the end of the citation, followed by a period. Ex. .
  • Web sites that have previously appeared in print – such as magazine or newspaper articles – may include additional source information like volume number or publisher. Refer to page 8 of this guide for additional examples on how to format this information.
  • Regardless of the type of web site or web file, if the information is found via the live web the medium description will be Web.

Basic Format:

Author. “Title of Webpage.” Name of Website. Institution or organization sponsoring the site, Date of creation or update. Web. Date of access.

Websites (click on examples to view)

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General Internet

Barry, Patrick L. “The Rise and Fall of the Mayan Empire.” Science@NASA. NASA,15 Nov. 2004. Web. 25 June 2007.

Ebert, Roger. “The Color Purple.” Chicago Sun-Times, 20 Dec. 1985. Web. 24 June 2010.

“iconoclast.” Random House, 2011. Web. 17 May 2011.


“Going to Graceland.” Memphis Blog., 13 Mar. 2009. Web. 18 June 2010.

Government Web Site

“Fire Fighters.” Occupational Outlook Handbook. 2010-11 ed. United States. Dept. of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 17 Dec. 2009. Web. 18 Mar. 2010.

Florida. Dept. of Education. “Bright Future Scholarships.” N.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2010. 18 Mar. 2010.


Hafenbrack, Josh. “Crist Signs Cigarette-Tax Hike, Calls It a 'Health Issue'.” Orlando Sentinel, 27 May 2009. Web. 10 June 2009.

Magazine Article [not from a library database]

“The Most Influential Figures in American History.” Atlantic, Dec. 2006. Web. 31 Mar. 2010.

Journal Article [not from a library database]

* When citing an electronic article that includes print publication information (journal title, volume, issue, year and page numbers), include this information in the citation. Do not include the name of the sponsoring organization of the website.

Benson, Etienne. “Thinking Green.” Monitor on Psychology 34.4 (2003): 28. Web. 26 June 2007.


* When citing an eBook, include the print publication information (publisher, year). Include the name of the website, but not the name of the sponsoring organization.

Whitman, Walt. Leaves of Grass. Boston: Small, Maynard & Co., 1904. Google Books. Web. 14 Feb. 2009.


"Don’t Know Why." Norah Jones Lyrics. A-Z Lyrics Universe. Web. 13 June 2012.

Performances and Interview (click on examples to view)

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Sound Recording

Jones, Norah. Come Away with Me. Blue Note Records, 2002. CD.

Jones, Norah. “Don’t Know Why.” Come Away with Me. Blue Note Records, 2002. CD.

Obama, Barack. The Essential Barack Obama. Random House Audio, 2008. CD.

Begley, Ed, Sr., narr. “O Captain! My Captain.” Essential Walt Whitman. Caedmon Audio, 2008. CD.


* Include the film title, director, distributor, year of release and medium in each video citation.
* Include additional information such as screenwriter, performers and producer if the information is relevant to your essay.
* Include the original release date when known and relevant.
* If you are focusing upon a particular person (performer, screenwriter, etc.), put that person’s name first.

The Godfather. Dir. Francis Ford Coppola. 1972. Paramount, 2004. DVD.

Shaheen, Jack, narr. Reel Bad Arabs. Dir. Sut Jhally. Media Education Foundation, 2006. DVD.

“Swing : The Velocity of Celebration.” Jazz. Dir. Ken Burns. Episode 6. PBS, 2000. DVD.

Performance (Play, Opera, Concert, Dance, Etc.)

A Christmas Carol. By Charles Dickens. Dir. Krystof Kage. Turner Auditorium, TCC Fine & Performing Arts Center, Tallahassee. 9 Apr. 2009. Performance.

Tanner, Christopher, perf. World Music: Steelband. FSU College of Music. Leon High School, Tallahassee. 19 Apr. 2009. Performance.

Television Show

“Father Knows Worst.” The Simpsons. Fox. WTLH, Tallahassee, 19 July 2009. Television.


Scott, Rick. Personal interview. 8 Apr. 2011.

Marks, John. E-mail interview. 10 June 2009.

Peck, Dana. Skype interview. 6 Mar. 2010.

Multimedia (click on examples to view)

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Knox, Richard. “WHO Declares Swine Flu a Pandemic.” All Things Considered. Natl. Public Radio, 11 June 2009. Web. 11 June 2009.

Video Streamed from the Web

Frontline: Sick Around the World. PBS, 15 Apr. 2008. Web. 29 May 2009.

“Johnny Cash Man in Black.” YouTube. Ow3ndVid3os, 1 Dec. 2005. Web. 10 July 2010.

Obama, Barack. “President Barack Obama 2009 Inauguration and Address.” C-SPAN Video Library. C-SPAN, 20 Jan. 2009. Web. 15 Mar. 2009.

Electronic Files (click on examples to view)

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Special Rules

  • Citations for electronic files that exist independently of the web should indicate the specific file type as the medium. Common file types include MP3 file, JPEG file, Microsoft PowerPoint file and PDF file. Italicize titles of proprietary software.
  • Use this format when citing files uploaded by faculty into Blackboard.


Loyd, Greg. “Welcome to English 1101.” Message to Shelly Mudgett. 24 Sept. 2009. E-mail.


Portrait of Ella Fitzgerald. 1946. American Memory, Lib. of Cong. William P. Gottlieb - Photographs from the Golden Age of Jazz. Web. 9 Feb. 2009.


Robert E. Lee: His Life and Legacy. Blue Ridge PBS, 2 June 2009. iTunesU. 12 June 2009.

Microsoft Word Document downloaded from Blackboard

Euridge, Gareth, and Sherry Lohmeyer. “Guidelines for Interpreting Results from Turnitin.” N.d. ENC 1101 Blackboard site, Tallahassee Community College. Microsoft Word file.

PowerPoint Presentation

Pausch, Randy. “Time Management.” University of Virginia, 2007. Microsoft PowerPoint file.


Williams, Juanita. “Nature vs. Nurture.” Dept. of History and Social Sciences, Tallahassee Community College, 6 July 2008. PDF file.


Davis, Miles. “Blue in Green.” Sony Music, 1959. MP3 file.