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Library Information Guide - Fort Wayne

Chicago Style was initially developed as a short style guide for the Chicago University Press. It has grown and developed into a full style guide that is used in a variety of fields, such as history and engineering.

Chicago Style allows either endnotes or footnotes for citations, or in-text parentheses; always ask your professor. The Bibliography includes full details for all sources, including archival materials and datasets.

Turabian is the student version of The Chicago Manual of Style. It is named after author Kate Turabian who wrote A Manual for Writers. For the most part, the citation styles are the same in both books. But Turabian gives paper formatting rules and covers the research and writing process in detail, whereas Chicago Manual of Style focuses on the publication process.

Creating Citations

The four elements of a bibliographic citation are: 

  • Author (Who is responsible for this work?)
  • Title (What is this work called?)
  • Source (Where can I retrieve this work?)
  • Date (When was it published, reviewed, or accessed?)

In Chicago Notes style, the elements are ordered: Author, A. Title in Title Style. Source Title. Place: Publisher. Date.

In Chicago Author-Date style, the elements are ordered: Author, A. Date.Title in Title Style.Source Title. Place: Publisher.

If no Author, put the work Title first; but be certain it is not a corporate author.

If no date, use n.d.

Publisher is omitted for periodicals and where it is the same as the Author or Source.

Journal Sources include Volume, Issue, and Page numbers. Notes style: Journal 22, no. 3 (2020): 101-111. Author-Date style: Journal 22, no. 3: 101-111. 

Use URL if no DOI and make either a live link - Do not end with a period! Use the Permalink for database articles.

Do not include Accessed date unless the contents will change or there is no other date.

Chicago Style Resources


Paper Formatting